Canadian home sales rise in April 2019
Statistics released today by the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) show national home sales climbed in April 2019.
• National home sales improved by 3.6 per cent month-over-month (m-o-m) in April.
• Actual (not seasonally adjusted) activity was up 4.2 per cent year-over-year (y-o-y).
• The number of newly listed homes climbed 2.7 per cent m-o-m.
• The MLS® Home Price Index (HPI) eased by 0.3 per cent y-o-y in April.
• The national average sale price edged up 0.3 per cent y-o-y.
Home sales recorded via Canadian MLS® Systems rose by 3.6 per cent m-o-m in April 2019. After having dropped in February to the lowest level since 2012, the rebound in sales over the past two months still leaves activity slightly below readings posted over most of the second half of 2018.
April sales were up in about 60 per cent of all local markets, with the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) accounting for more than half of the national gain.
Actual (not seasonally adjusted) sales activity was up 4.2 per cent y-o-y in April (albeit from a seven-year low for the month in 2018), the first y-o-y gain since December 2017 and the largest in more than two years. The increase reflects gains in the GTA and Montreal that outweighed declines in the B.C. Lower Mainland.
"Housing market trends are improving in some places and not so much in others," Jason Stephen, CREA's president, said. "All real estate is local. No matter where you are, a professional REALTOR® is your best source for information and guidance in negotiations to purchase or sell a home during these changing times."
"Sales activity is stabilizing among Canada's five most active urban housing markets," Gregory Klump, CREA's chief economist, said. "That list no longer includes Greater Vancouver, which fell out of the top-five list for the first time since the recession and is well into buyers' market territory. Sales there are still trending lower as buyers adjust to a cocktail of housing affordability challenges, reduced access to financing due to the mortgage stress-test and housing policy changes implemented by British Columbia's provincial government."
The number of newly listed homes rose 2.7 per cent in April, building on March's 3.4 per cent increase. New supply rose in about 60 per cent of all local markets, led by the GTA and Ottawa.
With sales up by more than new listings in April, the national sales-to-new listings ratio tightened marginally to 54.8 per cent from 54.3 per cent in March. This measure of market balance has remained close to its long-term average of 53.5 per cent since early 2018.
Considering the degree and duration to which market balance readings are above or below their long-term averages is the best way of gauging whether local housing market conditions favour buyers or sellers. Market balance measures that are within one standard deviation of their long-term average are generally consistent with balanced market conditions.
Based on a comparison of the sales-to-new listings ratio with the long-term average, about three-quarters of all local markets were in balanced market territory in April 2019.
The number of months of inventory is another important measure of the balance between sales and the supply of listings. It represents how long it would take to liquidate current inventories at the current rate of sales activity.
There were 5.3 months of inventory on a national basis at the end of April 2019, down from 5.6 and 5.5 months in February and March respectively and in line with the long-term average for this measure.
Housing market balance varies significantly by region. The number of months of inventory has swollen far beyond long-term averages in Prairie provinces and Newfoundland & Labrador, giving homebuyers there ample choice. By contrast, the measure remains well below long-term averages in Ontario and Maritime provinces, resulting in increased competition among buyers for listings and fertile ground for price gains.
The Aggregate Composite MLS® Home Price Index (MLS® HPI) appears to be stabilizing, having edged lower by 0.3 per cent y-o-y in April 2019.
Among benchmark property categories tracked by the index, apartment units were again the only one to post a y-o-y price gain in April 2019 (0.5 per cent), while two-storey single-family home and townhouse/row unit prices were little changed from April 2018 (-0.3 per cent and -0.2 per cent, respectively). By comparison, one-storey single-family home prices were down by -1.4 per cent y-o-y.
Trends continue to vary widely among the 18 housing markets tracked by the MLS® HPI. Results remain mixed in British Columbia, with prices down on a y-o-y basis in Greater Vancouver (GVA; -8.5 per cent) and the Fraser Valley (-4.6 per cent), up slightly in the Okanagan Valley (1 per cent) and Victoria (0.7 per cent), while climbing 6.2 per cent elsewhere on Vancouver Island.
Among Greater Golden Horseshoe housing markets tracked by the index, MLS® HPI benchmark home prices were up from year-ago levels in the Niagara Region (6.2 per cent), Guelph (5.1 per cent), Hamilton-Burlington (4.6 per cent) the GTA (3.2 per cent) and Oakville-Milton (2.5 per cent). By contrast, home prices in Barrie and District held below year-ago levels (-5.3 per cent).
Across the prairies, supply remains historically elevated relative to sales and home prices remain below year-ago levels. Benchmark prices were down by 4.6 per cent in Calgary, 4 per cent in Edmonton, 4.3 per cent in Regina and 1.7 per cent in Saskatoon. The home pricing environment will likely remain weak in these cities until demand and supply return to better balance.
Home prices rose 7.8 per cent y-o-y in Ottawa (led by an 11 per cent increase in townhouse/row unit prices), 6.3 per cent in Greater Montreal (led by a 7.8 per cent increase in apartment unit prices), and 1.8 per cent in Greater Moncton (led by an 11.5 per cent increase in apartment unit prices).
The MLS® HPI provides the best way to gauge price trends, as averages are strongly distorted by changes in the mix of sales activity from one month to the next.
The actual (not seasonally adjusted) national average price for homes sold in April 2019 was close to $495,000, up 0.3 per cent from the same month in 2018.
The national average price is heavily skewed by sales in the GVA and GTA, two of Canada's most expensive housing markets. Excluding these two markets from calculations cuts almost $104,000 from the national average price, trimming it to just over $391,000.
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